The political system of Slovenia and its functions
The republic of Slovenia is the official name of this country, wherein the type of government that they implement is parliamentary democratic republic, it’s because of the executive branch that they have, consist of the president and the prime minister and it is governed by the president. The role of the president as the head of the state is that he calls for elections for a national assembly, proclaims the laws, and perform a duty and obligations based on the republic of Slovenia’s Constitutions. While for the role of the prime minister as the head of the government he is the chair of the Cabinet, responsible for appointing ministers, advise the governor general, and act as key spokesperson for the government both in parliament and outside the parliament which it involves all the important matters for the country. On the other hand, the government is a parliamentary because it is made up of a single-chamber which has a national assembly that consist of ninety (90) members elected on a party basis for a four-year term. The National Assembly is the highest legislative body in Slovenia. However, they also have a national council that consist of forty (40) members that represents the interest of the socio-economic and professional group of people and other local authorities in which they gives opinions or advices regarding on the drafts of legislation examined by the national assembly. This two (national assembly and national council) group in the government is part of the legislative branch. The last branch of the government is the judicial branch, in which it is composed of five (5) parts: the constitutional court, the Supreme Court, the higher courts, district court, and the local courts The Constitutional court is the highest authority of judicial power that protects the constitutionality, legality, human rights and fundamental freedoms. While on the other hand the Supreme Court is the highest appellate court in the country. It is a court of appellate jurisdiction in which it consist of the criminal and civil cases, the commercial lawsuits, the cases of administrative review, and the labour and social security disputes. They have the higher courts that consists of 4 which serves as the appeal courts, then the district courts that consist of eleven (11) and local courts that consist of forty-four (44) that serves as the court for the first instance.
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